Most people will have the strong desire to conceive a child at some point during their lifetime. Understanding what defines normal fertility is crucial to helping a person, or couple, know when it is time to seek help. Most couples (approximately 85%) will achieve pregnancy within one year of trying, with the greatest likelihood of conception occurring during the earlier months. Only an additional 7% of couples will conceive in the second year. As a result, infertility has come to be defined as the inability to conceive within 12 months. This diagnosis is therefore shared by 15% of couples attempting to conceive. We generally recommend seeking the help of a reproductive endocrinologist if conception has not occurred within 12 months. However, there are various scenarios where one may be advised to seek help earlier.

These include :-

  • Infrequent menstrual periods
  • Female age of 35 years or older
  • A history of pelvic infections or sexually transmitted diseases
  • Known uterine fibroids or endometrial polyps
  • Known male factor semen abnormalities

COMMON CAUSES OF INFERTILITY

  1. Advancing maternal age
  2. Ovulation disorders
  3. Tubal occlusion (blockage)
  4. Uterine fibroids
  5. Endometrial polyps
  6. Male factors affecting sperm function
  7. Endometriosis