The gynaecological problems in adolescence are different from that of adults and these conditions may be caused by other disease conditions or hormonal imbalance.

Delayed Puberty

Puberty changes usually occur between 7 and 13 years in girls. Delayed puberty is the condition where the child exhibits the puberty changes very late in life. Puberty changes observed in girls are development of breasts, sudden growth, onset of menstruation, growth of pubic hair. Delayed puberty occur because of familial history; medical conditions such as cystic fibrosis, kidney diseases, asthma, malnutrition and disorders of glands that produces hormones responsible for these changes.

Treatment depends on the cause for delayed puberty. Treatment options include treating underlying disease conditions or administration of hormonal preparations. In children with strong familial background and have no other causes, no treatment may be required.

Menstrual irregularities

Abnormalities in menstrual cycle of woman is called as menstrual irregularities. Various menstrual irregularities include:

  • Amenorrhea
    No menstrual periods until the age of 16 years or absence of menstrual periods for 3 consecutive months and is not pregnant
  • Dysmenorrhea
    Painful menstruation periods
  • Menorrhagia
    Excessive bleeding which lasts for 8 to 10 days
  • Oligomenorrhea
    Irregular menstrual periods or getting periods frequently
  • Premature ovarian failure
    Normal function of the ovary is stopped
  • Uterine fibroids
    Non-cancerous tumors observed in women of child bearing potential
  • Endometriosis
    In this condition, the tissues lining the uterus from inside grow outside the uterus (normally the tissue grows inside the uterus)